Glossary

Term Definition Source/Credit
Absolute Title Conversion

The title to Lands registered in Ontario can be upgraded to absolute using an application to amend the register and following the prescribed procedure. In Ontario the resulting absolute title is referred to as Land Titles Absolute Plus. Reasons for upgrading title from LTCQ to LT+ include: The resolution of title disputes or adverse claims. The development of land by condominium or subdivision. A lender may require absolute title prior to the advancement of funds.

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Abstract of Title A written summary of the history of ownership and claims against a particular property. Source
Accretion Growth or increase by the gradual accumulation of additional material. Source
Accuracy The degree to which the result of a measurement, calculation, or specification conforms to the correct value or a standard. Source
Acquiescence Implied consent to a transaction, to the accrual of a right, or to any act by one's silence or without express assent. Source
Acre

Is an imperial measurement. The (English) acre is a unit of area equal to 43,560 square feet (10 square chains, 160 square poles or 0.4047 of a hectare).

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Act

A bill that is passed by the legislative assembly after its third reading and that receives royal assent is enacted and becomes an Act, i.e. the law. The terms "statute" and "act" are interchangeable

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Adverse Possession

A method of acquisition of title to real property by possession for a statutory period under certain conditions. It has been described as a statutory method of acquiring title to land by limitation. In order to establish title in this manner there must be proof of non-permissive use which is actual, open, notorious, exclusive and adverse for the statutorily established period.

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Agreement

The mutual understanding between two persons that forms a legal contract; and also, the written record of that arrangement.

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Air Rights

The rights granted by a fee simple, lease agreement, or other conveyance of an estate in real property to build upon, occupy, or use, in the manner and degree permitted, all or any portion of space above the ground or any other stated elevation within vertical planes (through the boundaries of the property).

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Aliquot

The description of fractional section ownership used in the U.S. and Canada. A parcel is generally identified by its section, township and range. The aliquot specifies its precise location within the section, for example, the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter.

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Alluvial Deposit

An area of sand, clay or other similar material that has been gradually deposited by moving water, such as along a river bed or shore of a lake.

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Angle

The figure formed by two lines extending from the same point in degrees.

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Animus Possidendi

The intention of possession.

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AOLS Plan Submission Form

All legal boundary survey plans prepared under the authority of the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors (AOLS) are required to include an official numbered sticker, embossed with the surveyor's seal. Plans are randomly reviewed and evaluated by the AOLS for content and quality to meet the statutes and regulations for legal boundary surveys. Copies of plans which do not have the surveyor’s embossed seal are not considered “original plans”.

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Appellant

The party which takes an appeal from one court to another.

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Appraisal

A valuation or an estimation of value of property by disinterested persons of suitable qualifications.

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Appurtenant Easement

Attaches to the land, benefiting the dominant estate.

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Arc

Any unbroken part of the circumference of a circle or other curved line.

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As-built Survey

A colloquial expression applied to new building construction surveys. Also known as a "building location survey". It is typically part of mortgage documentation.

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Association of Ontario Land Surveyors (A.O.L.S.)

Professional body governing the practice of land surveying in Ontario.

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Astronomic Bearing

A bearing determined by a star observation.

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Authority Survey Plans

Prior legal plans of survey upon which surveyors rely for retracing boundaries.

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Avenue

A broad road in a town or city, typically having trees at regular intervals along its sides. In some cities a thoroughfare running at right angles to the streets in a city laid out on a grid pattern. A tree-lined approach to a country house.

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